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胡超群研究团队在《Applied and Environmental Microbiology》发表论文

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时间:2015-12-28  作者:  来源:文本大小:【 |  | 】  【打印

题目:Genome-Wide Screening Identifies Six Genes That Are Associated with Susceptibility to Escherichia coli Microcin PDI

作者: Zhe Zhao#, Lauren J. Eberhart#*, Lisa H. Orfe, Shao-Yeh Lu, Thomas E. Besser, Douglas R. Callb

刊物: Applied and Environmental Microbiology

刊号: 2015,81(20):6953-6963

摘要: The microcin PDI inhibits a diverse group of pathogenic Escherichia coli strains. Coculture of a single-gene knockout library (BW25113; n_3,985 mutants) against a microcin PDI-producing strain (E. coli 25) identified six mutants that were not susceptible (_atpA, _atpF, _dsbA, _dsbB, _ompF, and _ompR). Complementation of these genes restored susceptibility in all cases, and the loss of susceptibility was confirmed through independent gene knockouts in E. coli O157:H7 Sakai. Heterologous expression of E. coli ompF conferred susceptibility to Salmonella enterica and Yersinia enterocolitica strains that are normally unaffected by microcin PDI. The expression of chimeric OmpF and site-directed mutagenesis revealed that the K47G48N49 region within the first extracellular loop of E. coli OmpF is a putative binding site for microcin PDI. OmpR is a transcriptional regulator for ompF, and consequently loss of susceptibility by the _ompR strain most likely is related to this function. Deletion of AtpA and AtpF, as well as AtpE and AtpH (missed in the original library screen), resulted in the loss of susceptibility to microcin PDI and the loss of ATP synthase function. Coculture of a susceptible strain in the presence of an ATP synthase inhibitor resulted in a loss of susceptibility, confirming that a functional ATP synthase complex is required for microcin PDI activity. In trans expression of ompF in the _dsbA and _dsbB strains did not restore a susceptible phenotype, indicating that these proteins are probably involved with the formation of disulfide bonds for OmpF or microcin PDI.

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