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喻子牛研究团队在《Fish and Shellfish Immunology》发表论文

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时间:2020-06-09  作者:LMB  来源:文本大小:【 |  | 】  【打印

题目: Characterization and functional analysis of a caspase 3 gene: Evidence that ChCas 3 participates in the regulation of apoptosis in Crassostrea hongkongensis

作者: Qin Yanping, Zhang Yuehuan+, Li Xingyou, Noor Zohaib, Li Jun, Zhou Zihua, Xu Duo, Zhao Zehui, Xiang Zhiming, Yu Ziniu

刊物: Fish and Shellfish Immunology

年卷期页: 2020, (98): 122-129

摘要Caspase 3 plays an important role in apoptotic pathways and contributes to maintaining the homeostasis of the immune system in organisms. The structure, functions, and characteristics of caspase 3 have been extensively investigated in many species, but the research is scarce when it comes to bivalves, particularly oysters. In this study, we identified and cloned a previously unknown caspase 3 gene, named ChCas 3, in C. hongkongensis. The full-length cDNA of ChCas 3 was 1562 bp and included a 175 bp 5'-untranslated region (UTR), a 141 bp 3'-UTR and a 1245 bp open reading frame (ORF) that encoded a polypeptide of 415 amino acids. Similar to caspase 3 in other species, ChCas 3 has a pro-domain, a conserved cysteine active site, a large p20 subunit and a small p10 subunit. Our findings demonstrated the expression of ChCas 3 in all the eight tissues via tissue-specific expression assays with the highest expression in haemocytes. ChCas 3 was confirmed to be expressed throughout the larval development stages, and fluorescence from pEGFP-N1-ChCas 3 was found to be distributed throughout the entire HEK293T cell. In addition, the relative expression of ChCas 3 significantly enhanced in hemocytes post bacterial stimulation, and overexpression of ChCas 3 led to upregulation of the transcriptional activity of NF-κB and p53 reporter genes in HEK293T cells, which indicated that it was involved in innate immune responses. Finally, the apoptosis rate of the haemocytes declined considerably compared with that of the control group after the expression of ChCas 3 was successfully silenced by dsRNA, corroborating its sentinel role in apoptosis. This study provides comprehensive underpinning evidences, affirming caspase 3 crucial role against bacterial infection and apoptosis in C. hongkongensis.

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